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論文翻譯常用方法有什么?

作者:管理員發布時間:2020-03-16 14:05:59瀏覽次數:1354

  論文翻譯不僅僅是語言之間的轉換,還需要譯員對論文涉及的領域有這專業的了解,下面上海臻云人工翻譯機構帶大家了解一下論文翻譯常用方法有什么?

  Paper translation is not only the conversion between languages, but also requires the translator to have a professional understanding of the field involved in the paper. Now, Shanghai Zhenyun artificial translation agency will show you the common methods of paper translation?

  一、采用增譯法進行論文翻譯。增譯法指根據英漢兩種語言不同的思維方式、語言習慣和表達方式,在翻譯時增添一些詞、短句或句子,以便更準確地表達出原文所包含的意義。這種方式多半用在漢譯英的論文翻譯里。通過增譯,一能保證譯文語法結構的完整,二可以保證譯文意思的明確。

  1、 The method of adding translation is used to translate the thesis. According to the different ways of thinking, language habits and expressions of English and Chinese, the added translation method refers to adding some words, short sentences or sentences to the translation so as to express the meaning of the original more accurately. This method is mostly used in the translation of papers from Chinese to English. By adding translation, one can ensure the integrity of the grammatical structure of the translation, and the other can ensure the clarity of the meaning of the translation.

  二、采用省譯法進行論文翻譯。省譯法是與增譯法相對應的一種論文翻譯方法,即刪去不符合目標語思維習慣、語言習慣和表達方式的詞,以避免譯文累贅。

  2、 The thesis is translated by the method of province translation. Saving translation method is a kind of paper translation method corresponding to adding translation method, that is, deleting words that do not conform to the thinking habits, language habits and expression ways of the target language, so as to avoid the translation redundancy.

  三、采用轉換法進行論文翻譯。轉換法:指翻譯過程中為了使譯文符合目標語的表述方式、方法和習慣而對原句中的詞類、句型和語態等進行轉換。

  3、 The paper is translated by the method of transformation. Conversion method: refers to the conversion of parts of speech, sentence patterns and voice in the original sentence in order to make the translation conform to the expression, methods and habits of the target language.

  四、正譯法和反譯法:這兩種論文翻譯方法也經常被大家使用。所謂正譯,是指把句子按照與漢語相同的語序或表達方式譯成英語。所謂反譯則是指把句子按照與漢語相反的語序或表達方式譯成英語。

  4、 Forward translation and reverse translation: these two methods are often used. The so-called correct translation refers to translating sentences into English according to the same word order or expression way as Chinese. The so-called reverse translation refers to the translation of sentences into English according to the reverse word order or expression.

  五、采用倒置法進行論文翻譯。在漢語中,定語修飾語和狀語修飾語往往位于被修飾語之前;在英語中,許多修飾語常常位于被修飾語之后,因此翻譯時往往要把原文的語序顛倒過來。倒置法通常用于英譯漢,即對英語長句按照漢語的習慣表達法進行前后調換,按意群或進行全部倒置,原則是使漢語譯句安排符合現代漢語論理敘事的一般邏輯順序。有時倒置法也用于漢譯英。

  5、 The paper is translated by inversion. In Chinese, attributive modifiers and adverbial modifiers are often located before the modifier; in English, many modifiers are often located after the modifier, so the word order of the original text is often reversed in translation. The inversion method is usually used in English to Chinese translation, that is to say, the English long sentences should be exchanged before and after the customary expression in Chinese. According to the idea group or all inversion, the principle is to make the Chinese translation sentence arrangement conform to the general logical order of modern Chinese logical narration. Sometimes inversion is also used in Chinese-English translation.

  六、綜合法:是指單用某種翻譯技巧無法進行論文翻譯時,著眼篇章,以邏輯分析為基礎,同時使用轉換法、倒置法、增譯法、省譯法、拆句法等多種翻譯論文的技巧和方法。

  6、 Comprehensive method: it refers to the skills and methods of translating papers, such as conversion method, inversion method, additional translation method, saving translation method, splitting syntax, etc., which are based on logical analysis and focused on the text when the paper cannot be translated with a certain translation skill alone.

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