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口譯中怎樣練好發聲?

作者:管理員發布時間:2020-03-09 18:13:17瀏覽次數:588

??口語訓練可以通過朗讀、演講和繞口令來進行,下面上海臻云人工翻譯公司給大家分享口譯中怎樣練好發聲?

??Oral training can be carried out through reading, speaking and tongue twisters. Now let's share with you how to practice speaking in interpretation?

??1、運用聲音
??1. Using sound

??譯員表達時首先要吐字清晰、發音標準。譯員對于聽眾而言就是一個發言者,要讓聽眾聽得清楚、便于理解。語音訓練可以通過朗讀、演講和繞口令來進行。譯員要及時發現自己的發音含糊、吐字不清等問題并作針對性的糾正。

??The interpreter should enunciate clearly and pronounce standard first. An interpreter is a speaker to the audience. He should make the audience hear clearly and understand easily. Voice training can be carried out by reading, speaking and tongue twisters. The translator should find out his / her pronunciation is ambiguous and his / her pronunciation is not clear in time and make targeted correction.

??譯員聲音還要洪亮,要學會用丹田發音,而不是用喉音。音質盡量柔和悅耳。譯員保持足夠的音量和合適的音質,既是自信的表現,又有利于克服緊張情緒。

??The interpreter's voice should be loud, and he should learn to use Dantian pronunciation instead of guttural sound. The sound quality should be as soft and pleasant as possible. Maintaining adequate volume and sound quality is not only a sign of self-confidence, but also a way to overcome tension.

??聲音訓練可以通過大量的朗讀練習來進行。另一種練習形式是就同一份講話材料,以快速、慢速和快慢交替的速度分別演講。這種練習主要是針對口譯中發言者有時候會突然改變說話的速度,例如受時間的限制要提前結束發言等情況,譯員也能做出相應的調整。譯員練習時要做到音質音量始終如一,不能讓聽眾感覺到太突兀的變化,即使速度變化也要保持聲音平穩悅耳。

??Voice training can be carried out through a large number of reading exercises. Another form of practice is to give speeches on the same speech materials at the speed of fast, slow and fast-slow alternation. This kind of practice is mainly aimed at the situation that speakers sometimes suddenly change their speaking speed, for example, they have to finish speaking in advance due to time constraints, and the interpreter can also make corresponding adjustments. When practicing, the interpreter should keep the sound quality and volume consistent, and not let the audience feel too abrupt changes. Even if the speed changes, the interpreter should keep the sound smooth and pleasant.

??譯員在發聲方面還應注意麥克風的使用。由于譯員工作時大多通過麥克風傳遞聲音,因此一定要注意合理控制發聲,嘴巴與麥克風要保持一段距離,避免緊張的喘氣聲和其他附加聲音通過麥克風傳遞出去,影響譯文的表達。

??Interpreters should also pay attention to the use of microphones in the production of sound. Due to the fact that most of the interpreter's voice is transmitted through the microphone, it is necessary to pay attention to the reasonable control of the voice, keep a distance between the mouth and the microphone, so as to avoid the tense gasp and other additional voice transmitted through the microphone, which will affect the expression of the translation.

??2、把握節奏
??2. Grasp the rhythm

??譯員在表達時要做到節奏平穩、斷句合理。適當的停頓能幫助聽眾更好地理解和把握說話人的意圖,更積極地聆聽演講,所以譯員在平時說話和口譯時都要注意節奏的變化,合理地停頓。

??The interpreter should have a smooth rhythm and reasonable sentences. Proper pause can help the audience better understand and grasp the speaker's intention and listen to the speech more actively. Therefore, the interpreter should pay attention to the change of rhythm and pause reasonably when speaking and interpreting.

??這種能力可以通過朗讀練習來培養,朗讀時以意群為單位,注意斷句的位置和停頓時間,并邀請同伴做聽眾,以檢查自己朗讀的效果,幫助發現問題。

??This kind of ability can be developed through reading practice. When reading, the unit is meaning group. Pay attention to the position of sentence break and pause time, and invite the peer to be the audience to check the effect of reading and help to find problems.

??3、調整語氣
??3. Adjusting tone

??語氣是體現講話者感情色彩最直接的信號。它包括質疑、感嘆、憤怒、牢騷、釋然、強調等。譯員可以在平時練習中多看各種演講的視頻,揣摩說話人不同語氣的運用,設想自己就是講者,像演員一樣重新演繹先前的講話,做到神形相似。

??Mood is the most direct signal of the speaker's emotional color. It includes questioning, exclamation, anger, complaint, relief, emphasis, etc. The interpreter can watch more videos of various speeches in daily practice, figure out the use of different tone of the speaker, imagine that he is the speaker, and perform the previous speech like an actor, so as to achieve the similarity of spirit and form.

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